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Description of the ACW

About ACWs found in China

75 mm shell
5~6 kg
90 mm mortar shell
5~6 kg
105 mm shell
16 kg
150 mm shell
32 kg
Agent type Designation in Former Japanese Army Name of the chemical
Blister agent Yellow Mustard, Lewisite
Pulmonary agent Blue Phosgene
Blood agent Brown Hydrogen cyanide
Vomiting agent Red Diphenylcyanoarsine (DC), Diphenylchloroarsine (DA)
Lachrymatory agent Green Chloroacetophenone
Smoke agent White(*) Trichloroarsine

* White (smoke agent) was used in a mixture with Blue (pulmonary agent).

The characteristics of ACW in China

  1. There are various types of ACWs containing different types of agents including Yellow (blister agent) and Red (vomiting agent). Many of the agents contain arsenic.
  2. Those chemical agents are contained in shells, bombs, toxic canisters or drum containers.
  3. Chemical shells and bombs use picric acid as a booster and/or burster charge.
  4. Excavated and recovered ACWs are corroded and/or deformed after a long period of being buried in the soil.

The characteristics of ACW in China

The types of ACW in China

ACWs excavated in China

An 105 mm Yellow shell
An 105 mm Yellow shell found during the Aug. 2007 excavation and recovery in Lianhuapao (forest areas), Dunhua City
Four 75 mm Yellow shells and a 105 mm Yellow shell
Four 75 mm Yellow shells and a 105 mm Yellow shell (part) found during the Sep. 2006 excavation and recovery in Lianhuapao (forest areas), Dunhua City
Toxic canisters
Toxic canisters found during the Sep. 2002 excavation and recovery in Sunwu.
An Extra-large 1 Type 99 Red canister
An Extra-large 1 Type 99 Red canister found during the Nov. 2001 excavation and recovery in Nanjing
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